Viktoria spoke at the panel entitled “Resilience Amidst Horizontal Escalation: Asymmetric Threats, Critical Infrastructure, and Cybersecurity”. During the conference it was stated that in the context of the ongoing war in the East of the country, the kinetic dimension of confrontation is also enhanced by information and cybernetic vectors of attack on Ukraine. Emphasis was placed on network interconnection between Ukraine and the EU, given that the Ukrainian Internet networks are largely integrated into Western European ones, thus in case of not sufficiently resilient Ukraine it could serve as a backdoor or a penetration channel into the EU network.
This has motivated EU countries to perceive information security in the context of the concept of sustainable security as a balance between free access to information and data protection in cyberspace. A number of research initiatives were discussed to implement the concept of sustainability, including the initiative of a new inter-agency cyber-research agency funded by the Federal Government of Germany for the next five years. The agency was created following the example of the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the US Department of Defense responsible for research and development (DARPA's 2019 budget is $ 3.44 billion).
Although cybersecurity is an extremely important area, there is no comprehensive international treaty or convention that sets international “response” standards. The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (the so-called Budapest 2000 Convention) is the only binding international instrument that partially regulates cyber security. However, it is rather a guide for any country that develops comprehensive national legislation against cybercrime, a framework for international cooperation between states.
However, at the NATO Summit in July 2018, however, member states agreed on the Alliance's use of cyber capabilities to protect networks and respond to cyberattacks. Since then, cyber-operations of some gravity can be an armed attack, paving the way for the use of art. 5Article of the North Atlantic Treaty on Collective Defense. Appropriate means of responding are not limited to cyber means, the EU cyber defense toolkit, for example, also provides for various types of sanctions, including: and economic.